Speaker Bio & Abstract
AbstractNEW BUSINESS MODELS FOR ACQUIRING PRECISION GEOSPATIAL CONTENT FOR LAND ADMINISTRATIONThe International Federation of Surveyors ('FIG') defines the Land Administration (LA) environment's geospatial, legal, and institutional frameworks. The purpose of the geospatial framework ('GF') is to offer a joint spatial reference for activities and results of cadaster systems. To become fit-for-purpose, geospatial reference frameworks are commonly recommended to adapt their accuracy to the value of the land. Their establishment should not require periods that render the achievement of the political objectives in the area obsolete. However, the GF must fulfill the two parameters (a) correctness and (b) completeness. As the land use and right over land are dynamic over time, it must be the responsibility of the LA management to maintain both parameters and keep the framework fit for purpose. Historically, geospatial frameworks have been established by an extensive aerial survey at the beginning of a cadastral inventory campaign, but when later not refreshed regularly, resulted in outdated spatial references. The reason mentioned is that the primary survey is accounted for as a Capital Expense ('CAPEX') investment, funded with financial instruments granted by International Funding Institutions ('IFI') in the frame of LA projects only. As a result, updates of a spatial reference instead follow the availability of international financing, an external factor, rather than a healthy national assessment and financed by recurring budget positions. The data usually remains the National Mapping & Cadastral Agency ('NMCA') property, often failing to fulfill expectations for financial returns through governmental commercialization or, if offered in the public domain, lacking suitable distribution interfaces to release the value of open data. While initially developed by commercial and government Earth Observation ('EO') satellite operators, the periodic and regular update of basemap data is now possible and cost-effective with the high accuracy aerial survey. Various Public Private Partnership ('PPP') models are available to overcome outdated funding models based on credit.